عنوان مقاله [English]
Postmodernism is an era with uncertainty as its main epistemological characteristic, encountering which Shia Islamic society would manifest different formats. Accordingly, the challenges created by postmodernism in Islam and the resolutions of confronting its challenges is the main subject of the present article. In this regard, besides mentioning the challenges like the negation of the superior narration, pluralism, historicity of the concept of reality, and the relation between language and text, coming into the text and marginalized trends, the article has discussed them and their relation with Islamic ideology by explaining negative and positive aspects of each challenge and at the end it has provided some suggestions for role-playing in this era. Investigating the challenges arising from postmodernism, the present article is seeking to answer the question of which advantages and disadvantages this trend of thought would bring about for Islam, and how we should play our role in this modern world, in which those culturally and religiously marginalized trends of thought have been matured.
Specified result shows that the positive aspect of postmodernism, which has somehow been ignored or less valued in our thought can act like a catalyst for Islam in postmodern world. What the researcher has found shows that by using modernity and innovation in the realm of religion, figuring on an insight with a fresh spiritual substance to rescue mankind from positive and negative nihilism, considering world developments, believing in our capacity, validating others, and shifting our demand from psychological to historical, we can hope to play a sufficient role in postmodern era.