Anthropology, along with cosmology and theology, are the three basic pillars of the underlying thought of any school of philosophy, theology and ideology. The identity and nature of man, the truth of his body and soul, the connection and interaction of soul and body, their story after death in the world of purgatory and then the resurrection day, and finally, the way the body and soul are intermingled are among the most important issues. The anthropology of Shaykhiya school has largely been affected with Sadrai school of anthropology. The impact can be attributed to Sheikh Ahmad Ahsaei’s deliberations with references to Mulla Sadra’s works. Although Ehsai accepts the essential movement of the soul and acknowledges the physical resurrection like Sadra, because of his difference with Sadra in his explanation of the human body and the nature of the world of examples, purgatory, the promise of the world of Horqalia, and finally, the resurrection day, he presents a picture different from the picture depicted in transcendental wisdom.