Volume 22 (2022)
Volume 21 (2021)
Volume 20 (2020)
Volume 19 (2019)
Volume 18 (2018)
Volume 17 (2017)
Volume 16 (2016)
Volume 15 (2015)
Volume 14 (2014)
Volume 13 (2013)
Volume 12 (2012)
Volume 11 (2011)
Volume 10 (2010)
Volume 9 (2009)
Volume 8 (2008)
Volume 7 (2007)
Volume 6 (2006)
Volume 5 (2005)

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Ayeneh Ma‘refat (The Mirror of Knowledge) is a scientific research quarterly affiliated to the Faculty of Theology and Religious Studies of Shahid Beheshti University.

The first issue of the journal was published in the winter of 2012, and after the publication of 10 issues, it has received a scientific research degree from the Publications Commission of the Ministry of Science, Research and Technology of the Islamic Republic of Iran.

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An Analytical evaluation of the Philosophical Criticisms arisen against “The Rule of the One (Qāʻîdâh Al-Wāḥîd)” with an Emphasis on the Foundations of Transcendent Philosophy

Mohammad Ali Vatandoost; Syed Mohammad Reza Razavi

Volume 23, Issue 3 , January 2024, Pages 1-28

https://doi.org/10.48308/jipt.2023.232701.1452

Abstract
  “The Rule of the One (Qāʻîdâh Al-Wāḥîd)” regarded as one of the fundamental philosophical rules, which is not only directly or indirectly connected with several philosophical issues about God, cosmos, knowledge and so on, but also some thinkers have used it in other ...  Read More

Divine Foreknowledge and Human Freewill (With an Emphasis on the Viewpoint of the School of Âhl al-Bâyt (Peace be upon them) and Criticism of Rival Viewpoints)

Habib Hatami kankabod; Ardashir monazami

Volume 23, Issue 3 , January 2024, Pages 29-52

https://doi.org/10.48308/jipt.2023.231126.1386

Abstract
  In discussing on predetermination and freewill, especially from a religious viewpoint, the following questions arise: Does Divine Foreknowledge belong generally to all things and especially to the voluntary human actions? And if Divine Foreknowledge belong to the voluntary human actions, is this compatible ...  Read More

The Essential Need to God and Its Relation with Educating the Soul from Mûllā Ṣâdrā’s Viewpoint

Maryam Samadieh; Fatemeh F azelzadeh

Volume 23, Issue 3 , January 2024, Pages 53-78

https://doi.org/10.48308/jipt.2023.231764.1414

Abstract
  According to Mûllā Ṣâdrā, a human being is a creature who is educable during his life. By “Education” Mûllā Ṣâdrā means to purify human soul from the vices and to prepare it for receiving the manifestation of the Divinity. Relying on his philosophical foundations, ...  Read More

Indeterminism in the Shīʹîte Îmāmī Kâlām and its Educational Role

zahra Jalili

Volume 23, Issue 3 , January 2024, Pages 79-106

https://doi.org/10.48308/jipt.2023.232621.1447

Abstract
  One of the long-standing Kâlāmī problems in Islamic thought has been the problem of “predestination and freewill”, which has occupied the minds of many thinkers. This problem has two sides. On the one hand, a human being has freewill. This means that a human being, by his will and ...  Read More

Ibn Sīnā’s Mystical Anthropology in The Riîsālât al-Ṭâyr (A Treatise on Birds)

Akbar Orvati Movaffagh; Abu Al-Ghasem Asadi

Volume 23, Issue 3 , January 2024, Pages 107-136

https://doi.org/10.48308/jipt.2023.232424.1439

Abstract
  Ibn Sīnā has allocated the last three chapters (nâmâṭs) of his last work, Âl-Îshārāt vâ al-Tânbīhāt (Pointers and Reminders) to the exposition and defense of mysticism. Besides, he has described a period of intellectual and spiritual wayfaring in his Rîsālât ...  Read More

Sam Harris’s Materialistic Interpretation of Free Will and its Criticism from Mûllā Ṣâdrā’s Viewpoint

Abdullah HosseiniEskandian

Volume 23, Issue 3 , January 2024, Pages 137-166

https://doi.org/10.48308/jipt.2023.232104.1432

Abstract
  The problem of free will, which had been discussed by the ancient Greek philosophers, has been discussed in Islamic philosophy at length. For Muslim philosophers, the will is one of the faculties of soul, which causes the action by motivating the desire and making the bodily organs move. In recent decades, ...  Read More

A Critical Examination of a Criticism on the Truth Functional System of Basic Propositional Logic Are The Ways of Proving the EQT and EFQ Principles Closed?

Morteza Hajihosseini; Hamide Bahmanpoor

Volume 23, Issue 3 , January 2024, Pages 167-200

https://doi.org/10.48308/jipt.2023.232498.1441

Abstract
  The validity of deductive reasoning is the main subject of logical theories.  According to the definition of validity of reasoning in Classical Logic, deducing the conclusion from the premises by applying the rules of inference is a necessary and sufficient condition for validity. Therefore,  and ...  Read More

Sam Harris’s Materialistic Interpretation of Free Will and its Criticism from Mûllā Ṣâdrā’s Viewpoint

Abdullah HosseiniEskandian

Volume 23, Issue 3 , January 2024, , Pages 137-166

https://doi.org/10.48308/jipt.2023.232104.1432

Abstract
  The problem of free will, which had been discussed by the ancient Greek philosophers, has been discussed in Islamic philosophy at length. For Muslim philosophers, the will is one of the faculties of soul, which causes the action by motivating the desire and making the bodily organs move. In recent decades, ...  Read More

Aristotle and Phronesis (Practical Wisdom)

Maryam Samadieh; Majid Mollayousefi

Volume 17, Issue 4 , January 0, , Pages 1-24

Abstract
  - Aristotle is the first philosopher who specifically focuses on phronesis or practical wisdom in detail. He has dealt with it in three areas of essence, elements of phronetic act, and phronesis functions. For Aristotle, phronesis was a moral and intellectual virtue and a prerequisite for the prosperity ...  Read More

Pleasure and the meaning of life in Aristotle

Sayedeh Narjes Emranian; Amir Abbas Alizamani

Volume 17, Issue 1 , January 0, , Pages 107-134

Abstract
  The aim of this study is to examine the meaning of life at the view point of Aristotle and the role of pleasure in reach to it with a descriptive- analysis method. Aristotle makes deep connection between pleasure and meaning of life. The fulfilled life is necessary and sufficient conditions for a meaningful ...  Read More

A Survey of the Bases and Theological-Philosophical Consequences of Moral Relativism from a Quranic and Narrative Point of View

abdolhadi rezaeetalarposhti; دکتر محمد رضا ضمیری; mohammad sadegh jamshidi

Volume 18, Issue 3 , January 0, , Pages 87-108

Abstract
  Moral relativism is one of the most important topics in moral philosophy that has created a lot of challenges and reactions from moral piety and post- structuralist mortality perspectives. In its principles and morality values, moral relativism benefits from the bases of ontology, epistemology and anthropology ...  Read More

Control and cognitive conditions of moral responsibility from the point of view of Mullah Sadra's sublime wisdom and the views of "true self" and "normative merits"

Mehdi Zamani

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 02 December 2023

https://doi.org/10.48308/jipt.2023.232528.1443

Abstract
  This article explains the psychological conditions of moral responsibility with a descriptive-analytical method along with a brief comparison and analyzes Mulla Sadra's point of view in this regard and expresses its similarities with the views of some contemporary compatibilists. The conditions ...  Read More

The Philosophical Basis and Coordinates of Just Punishing Based on Social Justice

Amir Hosain Khosroabadi; Bagher Shamloo

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 02 December 2023

https://doi.org/10.48308/jipt.2023.232906.1457

Abstract
  "Punishing" is a social institution and one of the essential challenge in the realm of criminal policy. Regarding to the institutional nature of punishing and requisiteness of just institutional, just social institutions impose their ordering rules equally on the subjects. But giving opportunities ...  Read More

Illustrating the system of existence with a circular diagram in Islamic philosophy and analyzing the flaws

Mohammadreza Ershadinia

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 20 January 2024

https://doi.org/10.48308/jipt.2024.233192.1466

Abstract
  Sensible to perceptible imagery is the technical and artistic effort of prominent philosophers throughout the history of philosophy. Islamic sages have also taken care of this importance and have shown the skill of applying it in the circular metaphorical drawing of the levels of existence in the two ...  Read More

The problem of self-discovery in existential psychotherapy; Comparing the views of Sadra and Van Deurzen

fateme fazelzade; Majid mollayousefi; mohammadjavad Shams; Ali Reza Kakavand

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 20 January 2024

https://doi.org/10.48308/jipt.2024.232931.1462

Abstract
  Van Deurzen, an existential psychotherapist, by examining the many components of existential therapy, considers self-reflection and self-discovery to be the main component of this attitude. She believes that man, who has a different existence from other creatures and a fluid and dynamic identity, determines ...  Read More

The four principles of innovation of Sadr al-Maltahin in al-Shawahad al-RubabiyyahIn rejecting the theologians' theory that there is only spiritual evolution in the world of Purgatory

saldeh hasanzadeh; ali karbalaei pazoki; Jamal Babalian

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 23 January 2024

https://doi.org/10.48308/jipt.2023.231908.1422

Abstract
  Abstract: The present research has analyzed how to reject the theory of theologians that there is only spiritual and not physical evolution of man in the world of purgatory, based on the innovative principles of the transcendental wisdom of Sadr al-Mutalahin Shirazi in the book Al-Shawahid Al-Rubabiyyah, ...  Read More

Examining two different approaches to the category of sensory perception in Mulla Sadra's philosophy and an intra-structural solution to avoid its epistemological challenge.

hanieh koohihajiabadi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 10 February 2024

https://doi.org/10.48308/jipt.2024.234040.1491

Abstract
  The problem of sensory perception in Mulla Sadra's philosophy is organized in such a way that it makes possible the dual interpretation of idealism and realism. According to the first approach of sensory perception with the superiority and priority of the mind and its resulting ideas compared to ...  Read More

Investigation of relativism in Richard Mervyn Hare's moral philosophy

Mahdi Misaghinezhad; mahdi najafiafra; Mohammad Akvan

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 21 February 2024

https://doi.org/10.48308/jipt.2024.233920.1489

Abstract
  One of the views raised in philosophy, especially the philosophy of ethics, is the issue of relativism, in the light of which many ethical issues undergo change and transformation. Diagnosing, investigating and criticizing this issue in a logical and rational way can lead to correct ethical decisions ...  Read More

Evaluating the possibility of discovering the wisdom of divine actions with an Emphasis on Abd al-Jabbar Mutazeli’s Views

Mohsen Javadi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 21 February 2024

https://doi.org/10.48308/jipt.2024.233419.1472

Abstract
  The appeal to Divine Wisdom, either as direct axiom or a framework for other principles, has been widely prevalent in theologians’ arguments. In the present study, after presenting some cases of this trend and through logical analysis, Abd al-Jabbar Mutazeli’s arguments based on Divine Wisdom ...  Read More

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