The present study is concerned with the essence of the concept of renewal of archetypes and its effect on the clarification of the creation theory and its relation with God the Almighty from the viewpoint of Ash'arites and Rumi. It is a systematic attempt to provide an answer to the key question of whether there are any differences between these two viewpoints with regard to the issue of renewal of archetypes. Assuming that there are differences, what are the major differences? It is hypothesized that there are differences between the viewpoints of Ash'arites and Rumi. Due to their religious and specific beliefs, although Ash'arites generalize God’s will and power to all the creatures, they consider it illegitimate to apply the renewal of etypes to objects and types of primary substance. They maintain this principle applicable only to outward appearances. However, Rumi takes a mystical view on this issue. He believes that the renewal of archetypes includes both outward appearances and primary substances. The present study has adopted a library descriptive-analytic research method.