Developing a conceptual levels and stages of moral development with emphasis on the ideas of Aristotle

Document Type : Scientific-research


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The meaning of virtue is explicitly discussed in Aristotle’s Virtue Ethics, but virtue development and the stages involved are not adequately dealt with. Therefore, this paper aims to identify the stages of virtue development and characteristics of each stage from the perspective of Aristotle by using deductive qualitative content analysis method. To do this initial framework or the stages of the virtue development was extracted. In the next step, by analyzing the text of the book of Nicomachean ethics, the characteristics of each stage were extracted. The results indicate that in general, the stages of moral development are: The moral massive, moral incontinence, moral continence, and virtuosity. The findings show that at the stage of moral massive People are not necessarily evil, but moral issues do not matter to them and they are indifferent to moral the moral incontinence people do not have a complete moral knowledge, and this incomplete knowledge does not end in moral action. In the moral continence People have high moral knowledge and this knowledge comes to an end to moral action, but moral pleasure does not occur completely. Ultimately, people in the final stage end up their moral knowledge to moral action and acquire enough pleasure from their moral practice.


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