An Analytical evaluation of the Philosophical Criticisms arisen against “The Rule of the One (Qāʻîdâh Al-Wāḥîd)” with an Emphasis on the Foundations of Transcendent Philosophy

Mohammad Ali Vatandoost; Syed Mohammad Reza Razavi

Volume 23, Issue 3 , January 2024, Pages 1-28

  “The Rule of the One (Qāʻîdâh Al-Wāḥîd)” regarded as one of the fundamental philosophical rules, which is not only directly or indirectly connected with several philosophical issues about God, cosmos, knowledge and so on, but also some thinkers have used it in other ...  Read More

Divine Foreknowledge and Human Freewill (With an Emphasis on the Viewpoint of the School of Âhl al-Bâyt (Peace be upon them) and Criticism of Rival Viewpoints)

Habib Hatami kankabod; Ardashir monazami

Volume 23, Issue 3 , January 2024, Pages 29-52

  In discussing on predetermination and freewill, especially from a religious viewpoint, the following questions arise: Does Divine Foreknowledge belong generally to all things and especially to the voluntary human actions? And if Divine Foreknowledge belong to the voluntary human actions, is this compatible ...  Read More

The Essential Need to God and Its Relation with Educating the Soul from Mûllā Ṣâdrā’s Viewpoint

Maryam Samadieh; Fatemeh F azelzadeh

Volume 23, Issue 3 , January 2024, Pages 53-78

  According to Mûllā Ṣâdrā, a human being is a creature who is educable during his life. By “Education” Mûllā Ṣâdrā means to purify human soul from the vices and to prepare it for receiving the manifestation of the Divinity. Relying on his philosophical foundations, ...  Read More

Indeterminism in the Shīʹîte Îmāmī Kâlām and its Educational Role

zahra Jalili

Volume 23, Issue 3 , January 2024, Pages 79-106

  One of the long-standing Kâlāmī problems in Islamic thought has been the problem of “predestination and freewill”, which has occupied the minds of many thinkers. This problem has two sides. On the one hand, a human being has freewill. This means that a human being, by his will and ...  Read More

Ibn Sīnā’s Mystical Anthropology in The Riîsālât al-Ṭâyr (A Treatise on Birds)

Akbar Orvati Movaffagh; Abu Al-Ghasem Asadi

Volume 23, Issue 3 , January 2024, Pages 107-136

  Ibn Sīnā has allocated the last three chapters (nâmâṭs) of his last work, Âl-Îshārāt vâ al-Tânbīhāt (Pointers and Reminders) to the exposition and defense of mysticism. Besides, he has described a period of intellectual and spiritual wayfaring in his Rîsālât ...  Read More

Sam Harris’s Materialistic Interpretation of Free Will and its Criticism from Mûllā Ṣâdrā’s Viewpoint

Abdullah HosseiniEskandian

Volume 23, Issue 3 , January 2024, Pages 137-166

  The problem of free will, which had been discussed by the ancient Greek philosophers, has been discussed in Islamic philosophy at length. For Muslim philosophers, the will is one of the faculties of soul, which causes the action by motivating the desire and making the bodily organs move. In recent decades, ...  Read More

A Critical Examination of a Criticism on the Truth Functional System of Basic Propositional Logic Are The Ways of Proving the EQT and EFQ Principles Closed?

Morteza Hajihosseini; Hamide Bahmanpoor

Volume 23, Issue 3 , January 2024, Pages 167-200

  The validity of deductive reasoning is the main subject of logical theories.  According to the definition of validity of reasoning in Classical Logic, deducing the conclusion from the premises by applying the rules of inference is a necessary and sufficient condition for validity. Therefore,  and ...  Read More