نوع مقاله : مقاله کوتاه
دانش آموخته دکتری فلسفة جدید و معاصر غرب، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی
عنوان مقاله [English]
This article, accordance with Husserl’s later work, insists on two main categories. On the one hand, the science departed from human life and culture leads to crisis. Husserl seeks to find a way to get rid of the crisis through teleological-historical inquiry into the primal meaning of science and search for original self-evidences on which have grounded science. On the other hand, he presents the life-world as a ground on which is grounded science and strives to regress science’s intuitional sources through realization of the life-world’s priority in order of the ontic validity. The life-world as the meaning-fundament of the modern science sounds as a horizon of historical sediment meanings and consciences of this horizon involves awareness of the intentional history. Accordingly, in Husserl’s later phenomenology be insisted on both the role of historical reflection as an attitude to know the route of thought and science and history be considered as the horizon and context of science. The main idea of present article is that in order to planning a philosophy of history for science in the framework of Husserl’s later thought, the concept of crisis plays main role. How does Husserl use due to crisis the component of history? Does he relinquish by recognizing the crisis concepts of reason, philosophy and science and to appeal relativism and historicism or does he likewise believe the dream of “philosophy as strong science” and to strive in order to revive the reason and to improve science?