عنوان مقاله [English]
The idea of space is one of the most interesting and attractive topics in Merleau-ponty, s phenomenology of perception. Unlike Husserl that looks for certain facts in the field of pure consciousness, i.e., in the field without natural assumptions such as time and place,but like Heidegger’s idea that Being- in- the- world as essential state of human beings;Merleau-ponty believes that cognition of space is an a priori condition for our knowledge of objects and events. In addition,by more reflection on psycho-physiological findings in contemporary psychology, Merleau-ponty argues that our body is a ground or horizon by which objects takes spatial features, and therefore realizes a dual relation between subject and world. He emphasizes that all of our experiences followed by creation of new spatial levels that formed successively, and that every experience caused by earlier spatial level of embodiment subject. A significant result of this view is the idea of historical embodiment of individual subject entails that its moments formed by experiences in which body produced successive spatial levels, and that experience causes more complete spatial level in every spatial levels.