عنوان مقاله [English]
The realm of religion is one of the most challenging and influential topics in the political constellation of Islamic societies, especially Iran. Epistemically, several approaches to the realm of religion can be identified. Each one of them has several advantages and disadvantages. The absolute maximal approach, the minimal approach, the approach of limiting religion to ethical values and universals, the approach of religion consisting of one of the five decrees (obligatory, prohibited, recommendable, disapproved and permissible), and the approach to religion as built of Wisdom and Quotes are the most important approaches.
Accordingly, the aim of the paper is to propose an approach that has no disadvantages of the previous
approaches and can be considered more consistent with the mentality and the objective characteristics of the society and as a result more powerful. Thus, the main question is: what would be the coordinates of a desirable approach to the realm of religion and how to analyze the claims and disadvantages of existing approaches. The analysis shows that the approaches mentioned above are inadequate. To deal with the inadequacy of the previous approached, the paper proposes the moderate approach to religion based on the method of verbal Ijtihad. The main features of this model include: the rejection of the absolute minimal and maximal approach, accepting the hierarchy and breaking the realm of religion into the various areas of life, accepting the hierarchy and breaking the realm of religion into the managerial areas, separation of religion and sharia, and continuous Ijtihad.