عنوان مقاله [English]
The present study aims at investigating the nature of death based on the principles of Mulla Sadra’s philosophy and its evaluation based on Quranic verses and traditions in order to prove the consistency of these two viewpoints. It is demonstrated that substantial motion explains the emergence of the soul from body in addition to explaining transformation of the soul into an entity independent of the body and its movement toward afterlife. In fact, natural death indicates the independency of the soul similar to unexpected death which means the weakness and decline of body's ability to accompany the soul. Adopting a documentary-analytical method, the present study provides findings which indicate that the essence of soul is moving towards the fixed appointed term in accordance with the actions and behaviors of the soul and the soul moves toward that end through its changes and developments. In contrast, sudden death indicates obstacles on the way of this movement and its incomplete realization.