عنوان مقاله [English]
An important part of Ain-al Quzat Hamedani’s thoughts is dedicated to the discussion of mystic knowledge. The present article tries to investigate the role of the four subtleties out of the seven mystic subtleties in bestowing knowledge from his perspective and to analyze his epistemological foundations using cognitive sources and tools. He adds intellect to the three subtleties of insinuating self, heart and soul, but limits it to the acquisition of theoretical disciplines. He believes that heart through vision or eye of insight, insinuating self through the knowledge of insinuating self of the Prophet (P. B. U. H.) or at the state of mystic annihilation gain knowledge directly from the soul; all associated with different levels of certainty. But what highlights the role of intellect in his view is first the origin of sovereignty acting as a bridge between objective and subjective realities or as a means for translating knowledge, and second as a prerequisite for the first stage of knowledge. In general, he considers mystic knowledge as divine intuitional wisdom. He considers gnosis and mystic knowledge not just as two cognitive concepts, but as two existential worlds. That is why in Ain-al Quzat’s classification, imitative and argumentative knowledge types are not considered as stages of mystical knowledge.